All information in this guide has been adapted from the AMA Manual of Style (10th ed.).
Learn why it is important to cite your sources and how to avoid plagiarism.
Find examples of how to cite electronic and print journals articles, electronic and print books, and online resources like LexiComp and UpToDate.
Instructions on how to cite additional sources not included in this list can be found in the AMA Manual of Style, available in the reference section at any of the MCW Libraries locations.
Notes: When the DOI is given for a journal article, AMA style prefers that the DOI is cited instead of the URL. If not DOI is given, include the URL. Do not cite both. If there are more than 6 authors listed, include the first three followed by et al.
Online, Epub Ahead of Print
Note: When referring to an entire book, rather than pages or a specific section, use the Print or Online formats. When citing an entire book, all major words in the title should be capitalized. If you are citing pages from a print book, include the page numbers at the end of the citation. e.g. copyright year:xxx-xxxx.
Book Chapter, Online
Note: The AMA Manual of Style does not have a specific example for referencing UpToDate. This example has been taken from the UpToDate website.
Cite the UpToDate topic review as a chapter in a book titled UpToDate, edited by T.W. Post, published by UpToDate in Waltham, MA. As an online service, there are no page numbers to cite. Since UpToDate is updated every four months, the publication year for any topic review should be the current year.
Drug Name. In: (Specific database title). Publication City, State/Province: Publisher. [drug updated (if not given, then use date published); access date]. URL.
Example from Lexicomp:
Note: The AMA Manual of Style does not have a specific example for referencing mobile apps.
Authors (if specified). Content accessed. Database Name and Version (when applicable) [device or platform]. Database vendor city, state. Accessed Month day, year.
Article author(s). Title of the topic. Johns Hopkins ABX Guide. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University; 2017. Available from https://www.unboundmedicine.com. Accessed date.
Note: Only cite what information is available (e.g. author name, updated date, etc.).
Author(s). Title of specific item cited (or, if unavailable, give the name of the organization responsible for the site). Name of Web Site. URL. Publication date. Updated date. Accessed date.
Grateful acknowledgement to Caitlin Carter, MLIS, Liaison Librarian for Pharmacy at the University of Waterloo for permission to use and modify her template.